what are stem cells? Let's look at human stem cells and plant stem cells. Human stem cells
are unique because of their ability to divide. In certain organs, they can even become specialized to repair and replace damaged tissues. “Stem cells are rapidly dividing cells in the body that have the ability to give rise to more stems cells or become other types of cells
with a more specialized function. Plant stem cells serve similar functions too. Both plant and human stem cells contain proteins and amino acids, which are skin care powerhouse ingredients for skin rejuvenation. Keep in mind, it’s not actually living stem cells that you’re seeing in the face cream, most stem cell skin care products contain plant stem cells, and more specifically, stem cell extracts. These extracts are often rich in antioxidants and may provide growth factors to help renew and repair the skin.
Now let's look at what is probiotic skincare. Most probiotic skincare contains either dead probiotics, probiotic lysates or probiotic metabolites. Probiotic skincare actually is designed to improve or maintain a healthy skin microbiome. THe microbiome is the family of bugs, the rainforest of diversity of microorganisms on our skin. More specifically these are bacteria, fungi, viruses and mites. The bacteria of the skin microbiome have a crucial protective effect. It is the skin’s first defence system, it helps to strengthen and activate the skin’s immune system. As long as the skin has enough ecoflora, it is perfectly protected. However as soon as this balance is disrupted, discomfort and irritation can occur and damage can be caused. The skin’s ecoflora can become deficient when exposed to environmental pollution, temperature variation, stress, nutritional disorders or an unsuitable skin care routine, like the use of harsh cleansers. Having large numbers of the friendly microbes can actually stop bad microbes from invading our skin and protect us from skin infections. These friendly bugs also create and maintain an acidic skin environment with a pH close to 5, keeping away nasty pathogens which crave a higher alkaline pH.
Now we know how stem cell skincare and probiotic skincare work. In some simple words, stem cells need to penetrate to the dermis layer to repair our skin cells. Probiotic skincare works on the skin surface with microorganisms, offering protection and an ability to repair.